Category: Literature

  • ‘Did Władysław Reymont receive the Nobel Prize?’

    ‘Did Władysław Reymont receive the Nobel Prize?’

    On November 13, 1924, a significant event took place in the history of Polish literature. On that day, Władysław Reymont was announced as the recipient of the Nobel Prize in Literature for his outstanding national epic novel, “Chłopi” (The Peasants). Unfortunately, the writer was severely ill at the time (and passed away just a year…

  • “Did Władysław Reymont receive the Nobel Prize?”

    “Did Władysław Reymont receive the Nobel Prize?”

    On November 13, 1924, Władysław Reymont etched himself into the history of Polish literature. On that day, he was announced as the recipient of the Nobel Prize in Literature for his “illustrious national epic, the novel Chłopi” Unfortunately, the writer was in a very poor state of health at the time (he passed away just…

  • ‘Which Poles Have Received the Nobel Prize in Literature?’

    ‘Which Poles Have Received the Nobel Prize in Literature?’

    Five Poles have received the Nobel Prize in Literature. This esteemed group is led by Henryk Sienkiewicz, who was recognized for his “outstanding achievements in the field of epic writing and his rarely encountered genius, which embodied the spirit of the nation.” The author of “Quo Vadis” and “The Trilogy” received the prize in 1905.…

  • ‘How much does the average Pole read?’

    ‘How much does the average Pole read?’

    According to research conducted in 2020 by the National Library, 42% of Poles read at least one book during the year. The previous year, a similar declaration was made by 39% of Poland’s residents. Books are most commonly obtained from private collections, friends, and libraries. Crime novels (24%), popular literature (20%), as well as biographies…

  • What is the theory of literature?

    What is the theory of literature?

    Literary theory is a discipline whose aim is the objective systematization of literary phenomena. It is a branch of knowledge about literature that includes information about variations of the text, its structural and evolutionary regularities, and its connections with other scientific fields such as psychology and ontology. Unlike poetics and literary history, literary theory does…

  • What is genre syncretism?

    What is genre syncretism?

    In literature, genre syncretism refers to the combination of elements characteristic of several literary genres within a single work. During the Romantic era, genre syncretism served as a means of rebelling against the imposed rules of classicism. An example of a syncretic work is Adam Mickiewicz’s Dziady.

  • “What is mesmerism?”

    “What is mesmerism?”

    Theory formulated by Franz Anton Mesmer, a Viennese physician. The view was particularly popular at the turn of the 18th and 19th centuries. Concepts associated with mesmerism include animal magnetism, magnetism of the heart, and magnetic force. Mesmer believed that every person possesses a so-called source of life, an internal fluid that has the ability…

  • What is an heroicomic poem?

    What is an heroicomic poem?

    Heroicomic Poem A heroicomic poem is referred to as a parody of an epic poem. It often combines trivial subject matter with an elevated style. The principle of correspondence between content and style is abandoned, resulting in the creation of a comedic effect. The origins of the heroicomic poem can be traced back to ancient…

  • What is an alphabet book?

    What is an alphabet book?

    An abecedarium refers to a genre or literary work in which individual words, lines, or stanzas begin with consecutive letters of the alphabet. It is a type of acrostic that served primarily mnemonic purposes. Abecedaria were most popular during the medieval era. With the invention of printing, their fame diminished, but they were still written…

  • What is decorum?

    What is decorum?

    Name decorum translated from Latin means something appropriate. That is why it is also referred to as the principle of appropriateness. It was introduced in Aristotle’s Poetics. Decorum refers to the conformity of content with form. For example, an epic requires a high style, which is no longer applicable in comedy.

  • What is a bestiary?

    What is a bestiary?

    Bestiary A bestiary is a literary text that presents the profiles of animals and mythical creatures, such as basilisks, griffins, or dragons. Bestiaries were most commonly produced in the Middle Ages, they had a didactic character, and were usually adorned with hand-drawn illustrations.

  • ‘Who did Balladyna kill and why?’

    ‘Who did Balladyna kill and why?’

    Balladyna is the protagonist of the work by Juliusz Słowacki titled “Balladyna”. She is portrayed as a person who is obsessively ambitious. In the name of this ambition, she has killed many people: Her sister Alina – she killed her with a knife because Alina wanted to marry Kirkor and live in wealth; Messenger Gralon…

  • Who Wrote “The Midsummer Song About Sobótka”?

    Who Wrote “The Midsummer Song About Sobótka”?

    The Song of St. John on Sobótka by Jan Kochanowski Author: Jan Kochanowski Publication Date: 1586 Number of Songs: 12 The “Song of St. John on Sobótka” is a collection of twelve songs written by Jan Kochanowski. The work was published in 1586, two years after the poet’s death.

  • What is Osjanism?

    What is Osjanism?

    Ossianism refers to a set of literary tendencies and a specific cultural-geographical atmosphere initiated by James Macpherson and his “Songs of Ossian.” The Scottish writer based his work on ancient Celtic texts. The “Songs of Ossian” were often considered translations of original Ossianic works, but in reality, they were remarkable literary forgeries. Nonetheless, they played…

  • What questions does an adverb answer?

    What questions does an adverb answer?

    What questions does an adverb answer? An adverb is an indeclinable part of speech that most commonly describes an action, characteristic, or state. In a sentence, an adverb usually functions as an adverbial or predicative. The term “adverb” is a direct translation from Latin, where “adverbium” means “by the word”. A few centuries ago, in…

  • “Nobel Prize – in which categories is it awarded?”

    “Nobel Prize – in which categories is it awarded?”

    The Nobel Prize is an expression of the last will of Alfred Nobel, a Swedish scientist and inventor. The first award ceremony took place in 1901 at the Royal Academy of Music in Stockholm. Currently, the prizes are presented at the Stockholm Concert Hall. The list of laureates is announced annually on December 10th. Each…

  • The title of the post translated to English is: “To be continued – what is the correct spelling of the popular abbreviation?”

    The title of the post translated to English is: “To be continued – what is the correct spelling of the popular abbreviation?”

    The phrase “ciąg dalszy nastąpi” is commonly used both in its standard form and in an abbreviated form. However, the question arises as to how to correctly write the abbreviation. Where should the dots be placed in order for the abbreviation to be correct? Answers to these burning questions are provided by Słownik skrótów i…

  • ‘Verb forms. How to do it?’

    ‘Verb forms. How to do it?’

    Conjugation of verbs is a basic skill that every learner of a foreign language must master. In Polish, verbs are conjugated by person, number, tense, and mood. In this article, we present the basic rules of verb conjugation. Conjugation of verbs by person In Polish, verbs are conjugated by person, which means they are conjugated…

  • What did Olga Tokarczuk win the Nobel Prize for?

    What did Olga Tokarczuk win the Nobel Prize for?

    Among contemporary Polish writers who are not afraid to touch on difficult subjects and at the same time have an extraordinarily developed imagination is Olga Tokarczuk. Not only have we been hearing about her exceptional work for a long time, but now we can also admire her as a Nobel laureate, thanks to her unique…