‘Verb forms. How to do it?’

Conjugation of verbs is a basic skill that every learner of a foreign language must master. In Polish, verbs are conjugated by person, number, tense, and mood. In this article, we present the basic rules of verb conjugation.

Conjugation of verbs by person

In Polish, verbs are conjugated by person, which means they are conjugated according to the subject of the sentence. This conjugation includes three persons: first, second, and third. In the case of the verb “to have,” the conjugation by person looks as follows:

  • I have
  • You have
  • He/she/it has
  • We have
  • You have
  • They have

Conjugation of verbs by number

In Polish, verbs are also conjugated by number, which means they are conjugated according to singular and plural. In the case of the verb “to have,” the conjugation by number looks as follows:

  • Singular: I have, you have, he/she/it has
  • Plural: We have, you have, they have

Conjugation of verbs by tense

In Polish, verbs are conjugated by tense, which means they are conjugated according to present, past, and future tense. Below, we present the conjugation of the verb “to speak” in three tenses:

  • Present tense: I speak, you speak, he/she/it speaks, we speak, you speak, they speak
  • Simple past tense: I spoke, you spoke, he/she/it spoke, we spoke, you spoke, they spoke
  • Simple future tense: I will speak, you will speak, he/she/it will speak, we will speak, you will speak, they will speak

Conjugation of verbs by mood

In Polish, verbs are conjugated by mood, which means they are conjugated according to indicative, imperative, and conditional mood. Below, we present the conjugation of the verb “to write” in three moods:

  • Indicative mood: I write, you write, he/she/it writes, we write, you write, they write
  • Imperative mood: Write! Let’s write! Write!
  • Conditional mood: I would write, you would write, he/she/it would write, we would write, you would write, they would write

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